Many Indian classrooms may include children with diverse needs. Meeting the needs of diverse readers is a challenging task. In a typical 4th grade classroom, there may be nonreaders, typically developing readers, and students who read at 5th or 6th grade levels or even higher. According to the 10th Annual Status of Education Report(ASER) 2014, Reading levels remain low and unchanged. The report states that only a fourth of all children More about usstudying in class 3 can read a class 2 text fluently. Even in class 5 only 50% of the students are able to read class 2 text. Overall, the situation with basic reading continues to be extremely disheartening in India.
The several students in school education system are struggling with Math ability and some of the students having disability are identified in the Inclusive education programme and other disabilities were not. They are being left in the regular education setting. There are researches that students who are helped in the early identification and intervention may get better chance and successful in school education.
The rationale behind adopting RTI model is that globally there are an estimated 140 million children who are out of school, a majority (16 million) being children with disabilities. One of the main reasons for the high dropout rates that researches have reported is the lack of appropriate classroom instruction to meet the diverse needs of children with all abilities.
In India, inclusive school placement has been the policy for decades but hardly in practice. In the US, although the policies and practices afford for the inclusion of children with disabilities, the special education in the country is at a crossroad. One of the most critical interventions associated with recent legislation in the US is Response to Intervention (RTI) Model. The RTI is a systematic process to help teachers tailor their instruction to students who are struggling academically.